Every individual has distinct career expectations. It’s not that every one wants to be highly competitive and always looking for jump or promotion in their career path. Some people are happy with what they are or what comes up naturally. Not necessarily every one must reach the peak of their profession. Every doctor can not be a national figure or the head of a national hospital. Every judge can not be a chief justice of an apex court. Every professor can not be a VC of a university. Every investor can not be billionaire. Every mechanic can not be a machine designer. Every astronaut can not go to the moon or the mars. Every staff or employee can not be a CEO of the same/similar or some other business organization. It’s not always they can not be on top of the trade it may, some times, be that they are happy with what they are or they do not at all want to reach the peak. Human beings live with two contradictory psychology, one they feel comfortable living with status quo and another they always want to do better in everything as time passes our career growth depends up on which element has more role to play in our career. Those who are happy with status quo do not need much career growth plan where as those who want to progress definitely need ones.
Whether it is an employment, self employment, business or investment we see our career there. In case of business, as an example, we do business plans and also an individual’s career plan who manages that business. Both the plans must coincide or match. If not, there will be a gap and one or both of them will crash in the course of time. Lets’ take a simple example where a person invests his money, sets up a business and also manages the same. Fortunately, the market supports the business and the business grows very fast intensively and extensively. Now, the person must upgrade himself by way of training and education to meet up the expected knowledge, expertise, skill etc for the company. In case of employment and self employment, career growth plan is still more important than in the above case.
Human beings are their own masters in choosing their career. Though there are internal and external factors affecting the career development, they can opt and probably reach the career they like to. However, it makes sense if we can do our self assessment and also fairly evaluate and analyze national and international markets before setting up or reviewing our career plans. At the same time, we must consider our inherent limitation, may be of physical or mental status, interest, personality type, priority, value system, economic condition etc. before selecting any career and also making a career plan. If an extremely introvert person enters a career in sales or legal profession, only destination will be the disaster, nothing less nothing more.
Once we enter any career we need to make our growth plan. As such there are basically, two growth models - namely vertical and horizontal. There are no such absolute types of career growth plan as vertical or horizontal, however. Rather, there could be a mix of both. More vertical growth is believed to be fickle meaning it comes and goes so quickly. On the other hand overall career with combination of both lasts and sustains. Basically, vertical plans means developing the competencies that are required for the ‘role’ we are playing or are going to play. On the other side, horizontal is the plan that develops the competencies required for a role model.
There are many internal and external variables of any individual career. However, the foundation of any career is nothing but knowledge. Here, knowledge also covers information, skill etc. It has more to do with rational intelligence. How an individuals’ career grows and differs from another individual is based upon his/her rational intelligence provided they are fairly good at emotional intelligence. Meaning, if they are not good at managing emotions, however good they may be in skill and knowledge they can not succeed. There could be four main types of individual career growth plan if we see it from the view point of level and types of knowledge. All of them have their own merits and demerits. Some of us knowingly chose one of the types and develop the same in that pattern. Some others do follow it without knowing what their own career growth pattern type is. The main four of them are as follows: